Proteins: everything what grows, whether animal or plant, contains proteins in greater or lesser extent. The proteins are the basis of all tissues alive; a balanced diet should contain 10 % of proteins. Fish and especially meat are rich in proteins, also cereals. Proteins contain 20 basic units: amino acids, that absorbed by the bloodstream reach places where they are needed. Once there rebuilt and form specific proteins that each organ needs.
Carbohydrate: are the sugars and the starches that contain in a large proportion cereals, pasta and sweets in general. Carbohydrates provide the energy we need and if consumed without excess will not fatten us. Take for example pasta, which is one of the best foods and non-fattening, sauces are fattening and that is what we must monitor.
We should not avoid breads for they are good in proteins but we must limit their consumption.
FAT: of course there are fats that are obvious, oil, butter, lard... and then there are others like cheese, milk, meat and bluefish among others. Fats should be limited to 10 % in our daily diet, this amount is essential for our blood to absorb through digestion some vitamins as A and the D. undoubtedly fats help digest foods and at the same time they are a source of energy greater than the carbohydrates and proteins. But we should avoid saturated fats.
MINERALS: the main that we can have deficiency of are iron, calcium, iodine, fluorine and zinc. The main sources where we will find them are meats, spinach, beans, milk, cheese, fish and seafood. To improve the absorption of iron in our diet it is advisable to take an orange or grapefruit juice before meals as Vitamin C facilitates that our body assimilate iron.
4 years ago